Parents are more willing to let their children see intense gun violence in PG-13 movies when the violence appears “justified,” used to defend a loved one or for self-protection, than when it has no socially redeeming purpose, a new study finds.
The amount of gun violence in top-grossing PG-13 movies has continued to exceed the gun violence in the biggest box-office R-rated films, according to an APPC analysis published in Pediatrics. PG-13 movies also usually feature gun violence without showing consequences such as blood and suffering, researchers said.
The journal Media and Communication has published a special issue on "Adolescents in the Digital Age: Effects on Health and Development," edited by APPC research director Dan Romer.
In a new paper published in Human Communication Research, researchers at the Annenberg Public Policy Center and the Ohio State University show that gun injury rates are a more sensitive indicator of the trend in gun violence than gun homicide rates.