APPC calculates dollars spent by four highest spending third party groups on deceptive TV ads attacking or supporting Republican presidential contenders

For Immediate Release Contact: Kathleen Hall Jamieson at or 215-898-9400 Drawing on spending estimates from Kantar Media CMAG and the fact checking of, the Annenberg Public Policy Center has created a dollars in deception measure (DDs) calculating dollars spent on televised presidential third party ads by the groups calling themselves “The Red White